In April of 2011 a young Canadian man decided to share his philosophy on work, living life well and early retirement by publishing his first blog post. His message of fiscal responsibility and frugality landed with a thud at first. 

Prior to starting his blog and before claiming the early retirement mantel, our young hero moved to the United States. The first year of blogging was brutal. He published a massive load of very useful information without the traffic or revenue matching his efforts. 

And then it hit. The right message at the right place at the right time struck a chord and the Mr. Money Mustache blog was no longer an internet backwater blog, but on a destiny to change the world.

It is only proper at this point I provide full disclosure. I served as the tax preparer/consultant for the Mr. Money Mustache (MMM) blog and its owner, Pete Adeney, for a few years. It was in a conversation with Pete and his wife at the time that I learned the first year of blogging was not all roses for Pete.* The first post didn’t automatically attract traffic. That came later.

If you produce good material they will come, and so it was for our hero. Pete kept telling his story. It was real so it resonated. He retired at 30 by design. Of course, if you retire at 30 you do not necessarily spend the remainder of your life planted in a chair. And that caused the largest complaint Pete faced in his blogging career: that he really didn’t retire.

Once you reach a level of success there will always be a few who want to tinkle on your shoes. Pete was not exempt. Once retired, Pete entered into a partnership, starting a construction company with a friend. As so often happens with partnerships (ask any seasoned accountant), it went south. You can hear the story straight from the source. It wasn’t pretty. It also placed a real risk in Pete’s retirement plans.

Pete also bought a property to fix and rent. That went much better. Pete loves working with his hands and building stuff. Working on a property at a casual pace (to assure quality and avoid burnout), Pete manged to hone his carpentry skills. From a failed construction company, to a rental property to the MMM headquarters in Longmont, Colorado, Pete found the prefect path to engage his passion.

Then we come to the MMM blog. Pete once again filled his time with something constructive (pun intended). Retirement is not short-hand for death! Pete decided to share his accumulated wisdom. But some were not having it.

 

That is NOT Retirement!

It didn’t take long before it was pointed out Pete didn’t actually retire since he was running a business for a while, remodeling/renting out a property and kicking out a massive quantity of material on his blog. Some of his readers were calling BS. 

A certain wayward accountant from the Northwoods of Wisconsin noticed our hero about this time. When the two met Pete instantly took to this wayward accountant for about 15 minutes. As good fortune would have it, the sickness passed.

I love Pete’s work and philosophy of living the good life, financial independence and frugality. But when it comes to retirement we are about as far apart as any two people can be. The 15 minutes we connected was limited to such a short time due to my attitudes about retirement. 

Climbing to the top is worth the effort.

The good news is that neither of us are right for the entire crowd. Some want a Pete style retirement and some, like me, start a business doing what they like and refuse to stop. (What am I supposed to do? Something I like less just so I can brag I retired?) I sometimes wonder how things would have turned out differently if the partnership Pete had with his friend had actually worked out.

My argument with Pete’s philosophy was not about living a productive, meaningful life. Rather, I always felt Pete’s encouraging others to retire just like him had a timing issue. 

April 2011 was a really good time to retire. Pete actually retired a bit prior to that which made it an even better time to retire early.

You see, we had a financial crisis that smacked the economy and stock market around pretty bad in 2008-9. If you had enough money to retire at the market low I would be far more comfortable with you taking said retirement than with all the fine folks who followed in Pete’s footsteps who wanted to push the retirement envelope to the limit when the market and economy were on a sugar high. Retiring on the edge financially when the market is pulling 10 years of near straight-up gains is not the best idea.

 

The Best Time to Retire is Now

Right now, this very day, is the best time to retire since Pete took those same steps! If you have the resources to retire when things are down you have an excellent chance of staying retired. 

True, the economy is still declining from the pandemic while the market has regained much of its losses. And the market is likely to get cranky when the reality of the economic damage done sets in. Still, it is during these trying financial times when you learn if you really are ready for retirement, early or otherwise.

Pete found the sweet spot in picking his early retirement date; he just happened to be 30 at the time. Many considered it a challenge to retire younger than Pete without remembering Pete still maintained financially gainful activities. 

Retiring younger than 30 will take some luck. Skill is unlikely to get you there much faster. 

Many claim they have retired in their 20s, hoping to strip Pete of his early retirement mantel. Deep down I think they hope they will be bailed out by publishing a profitable blog before anyone notices the emperor is not wearing his skivvies. 

How would I know all this? Because people pay me a lot of money to talk to them about their personal situation. And the theme is recurring. I don’t think Pete has a full grasp of the effect he has on some people. They are not really listening to what he said. They pick what they want and forget the rest. It turns out as expected. 

If you have thought of retirement, now is the time you can practice the process. The pandemic has left many forced to deal with a retirement lifestyle whether they like it or not. It takes talent to have a meaningful day when there are no pressing demands.

Pete retired after the bottom of the economic collapse of 2008-9. It was the perfect time to make the transition. If you can do it when all your assets are at or near lows, the chances of retirement going as planned increases dramatically.

Maybe today isn’t the ideal time to take the early retirement you planned. But the day is fast approaching. The pandemic will pass, economic activity will increase and the market will travel to new highs. Beginning retirement when the economy is at the beginning stages of a bull market allows for the longest period of growth before your budget is seriously challenged with declining asset prices.

Disaster Planning

Many clients have bent my ear the last few months as the financial pressures have increased. Discussions of taking early Social Security, and the consequences thereof, are common. 

Another frequent discussion involves people who took retirement too early. Instead of following the Pete plan and building multiple sources of income, they retired as soon as they thought they could get away with it and took up traveling. That fantasy came to a screeching halt.

Retiring at 28 just to say you beat Pete to the finish line is insane! Some of these early retirees are now looking to reenter traditional employment and it isn’t by choice. 

When planning early retirement with clients I use a formula for determining if you are ready to retire, assuming you are mentally prepared. In my formula I ask clients to consider a really bad economic decline where the stock market declines by 50% and real estate is hard to sell at any price. I also assume a decline in rent, interest and dividend income. If we can map out a serious economic disruption and it is nothing more than background noise in your financial plans you are probably ready financially for retirement.

This should not be confused with what I do, which is never retire. My plan is to work at my preferred tasks (taxes, accounting, business planning and consulting) until my body can no longer cash the check. Not everyone has that luxury. I’m lucky I found what I love doing at a young age and feel compelled to keep doing it. 

Most people want a designated time in life where they don’t have the stress of a job or of running a business. Many want to travel or explore other avenues of living. Those goals are no less valid than mine.

What I am saying is that the two ends of the spectrum have Pete on one side and me on the other. There is a large amount of middle ground for you to consider. 

There is no competition! There is no prize for retiring younger than Pete! And for crying out loud, don’t try to be like me. God knows the world has a hard time dealing with one of me. 

Find your path. Pete and I have provided excellent templates for the extremes. Finding what fulfills your life is what is important. You only live once; don’t waste it.

If you have been planning, saving and investing for retirement — and getting close — now is the time for a serious look at taking that step. Today (the day I’m publishing this) might not be the exact perfect day to pull the trigger. But the sweet spot is coming soon; probably within a year to year and a half at most.

There will be no bragging rights if you planned wisely and are now ready to make the transition. If the numbers still work when the markets finally move on from the current economic issues, you should be ready for a smooth entry into retirement.

There will be no excitement, but that is what you are trying to get away from in the first place with traditional work.

 

* As an insider I cannot share everything I know as it is confidential. Friends of Pete will know I have left out parts, as I should. The important parts for this story are all publicly available so I mention them. The links to the MMM blog provide greater details if you want to know more. In some cases there are multiple blog posts, but I don’t link to all of them. I leave it to you, kind reader, to take a deep casual dive into the MMM blog if you already haven’t.

 

More Wealth Building Resources

Worthy Financial offers a flat 5% on their investment. You can read my review here. 

Personal Capital is an incredible tool to manage all your investments in one place. You can watch your net worth grow as you reach toward financial independence and beyond. Did I mention Personal Capital is free?

Medi-Share is a low cost way to manage health care costs. As health insurance premiums continue to sky rocket, there is an alternative preserving the wealth of families all over America. Here is my review of Medi-Share and additional resources to bring health care under control in your household.

QuickBooks is a daily part of life in my office. Managing a business requires accurate books without wasting time. QuickBooks is an excellent tool for managing your business, rental properties, side hustle and personal finances.

cost segregation study can reduce taxes $100,000 for income property owners. Here is my review of how cost segregation studies work and how to get one yourself.

Restarting the economy is going to be more difficult than it was stopping it. A vigorous discussion on the topic is desperately needed as many feel talking about opening the economy is akin to reigniting the infection rate when in reality the discussion is needed to formulate an appropriate and workable plan.

Talking about restarting the economy is good policy. Shutting down large swaths of economic activity was necessary for public health. And for the most part it was a fairly easy process: governors gave the order and their state ground to a halt as people sheltered in place, giving COVID-19 no viable path to propagate. The same happened around the world. It is The Day the World Stopped.

The spread of COVID-19 had slowed and in many countries has all but stopped. Concerns the virus is picking up steam where social distancing is relaxed is still a real risk. However, policies designed to slow the spread of the virus appear to be working. Multiple medical therapies hold promise and a massive effort to develop a vaccine are in progress. A vaccine would be a game changer, but realistically that is still as much as 1 ½ years away before it becomes available. The economic price would be too high, and the resulting harm to human health from lack of services, too damaging to wait over a year before reopening the closed parts of the economy.

Reopening the economy can begin in as little as a few weeks to a month if handled properly. Germany has made signs they are ready to slowly restart economic activity. China, the first to suffer the scourge, has already reopened much of its shuttered economy. The real question now is: How well will it work? If the virus takes off again it will set us back. However, if enough people have built an immunity while social distancing is still practiced, many parts of the economy can reopen.

Turning economic activity back on will not be like flicking a light switch. There are several issues when restarting an economy after such a brutal and abrupt stoppage. We will now turn our discussion to an appropriate and safe way to reopen a shuttered economy. Even more important than opening closed businesses is how to get money flowing again. If nobody shows up for the party we are no better off.

 

A Plan for Reopening Shuttered Industries

While it is true the current economic downturn may be the most abrupt (fastest) and deepest decline in modern history, it isn’t the first time an economy had to plan on restarting after such a shock to the system. The situation (and rules) are different from rebuilding after the destruction from war; the rules, however, have many similarities, albeit on a much smaller scale. 

After World War II, Germany and Britain were in ruins, along with much of the rest of Europe and Japan and other areas of the Far East. While a contagious virus wasn’t running wild, a plan was developed for rebuilding the destroyed areas. Without the Marshall Plan, Europe would have suffered much longer as they worked to rebuild. A similar reconstruction plan was instituted in Japan. 

We don’t need anything as drastic as a Marshall Plan today. But the lessons can still be learned.  For example, you didn’t start rebuilding a war torn Britain by investing in industries that heavily rely on infrastructure before the infrastructure was funded and well on its way to becoming operational. In other words, there has to be an order to the reopening of an economy. 

It can happen fast. The Marshal Plan was a 4-year plan to fund investment in rebuilding cities and industries, and remove trade barriers between European nations and those nations and the United States. 

We do not need 4 years to reignite our economy! Still, it will take time and it will not always be a smooth process. Prior to a vaccine for COVID-19 there stands a strong chance there will be pockets of infection flareups. Fear will be the common enemy.

It would be unwise to open everything at once. A step-by-step process will allow for the fastest opening of the economy without undue risk to public health. The real question is: What gets opened first, second and so forth and to what degree?

Step 1 

Before any plan can work social distancing must be practiced by the public until an effective vaccine is found, effective and fast testing is available or most people are inoculated. If enough people develop a natural immunity (prior infection) the same result can be achieved, if only over a much longer time frame and higher number of dead.

A requirement everyone wear a mask in public would also go a long way, if not very fashionable. Social distancing and a mask would reduce the spread of COVID-19 to such an extent it might not remain viable for long as it can’t keep finding new hosts.

A cheap, fast and easy way to test for those currently contagious would also allow for a faster opening of economic activity.

Step 2

The first businesses to reopen should be retail establishments. It is easy to practice social distancing at a furniture mart and therefore, these businesses should be allowed to open soon.

Certain service businesses can be opened at this time as well. The law office, bank and public buildings and parks all allow for social distancing without much inconvenience to people.

Factories and other manufacturing facilities can reopen along with service businesses and retail outlets. Safety policies might mean some factories run at less than full capacity, but they would be open and should be able to find ways to slowly increase business activity until fully operational, or nearly so.

Churches and other places of worship would also be some of the first places to reopen. 

Step 3

After an adequate waiting period (say two or three weeks) to determine the virus is not spreading faster again, it will be time to open even larger swaths of economic activity. 

This is where it gets difficult. Bars and restaurants really could use a return to normalcy. Unfortunately, large groups of people gather at these establishments and social distancing is extremely difficult. Unless a natural immunity or vaccine reduces risk, large gatherings are a serious threat to reigniting the infection rate. 

Instead, it might be proper to open salons. Social distancing is impossible in these situations; by design the hair stylist has to be close to you to cut your hair. However, a mask might be enough to solve the problem. Yes, the hair stylist is close to the customer when cutting her hair, but the room isn’t crowded tight with people. A mask and hand washing between clients could do the trick. (This is more important than you think! Do you want to now what our world would look like after people go a year without any hair care? Yikes!)

An accurate and fast way to test for those currently contagious would also facilitate a quicker opening of these businesses.

Step 4

As serious as the matter is, certain businesses need to reopen as some point. Gyms are a high risk place, but social distancing, frequent hand washing and sanitizing equipment between use should make it a viable solution to reopening our exercise centers. A fast, accurate and low cost testing method to reveal who is contagious would certainly allow for these establishments to open sooner.

Restaurants are next. We might limit the number of people in the room and require masks for all employees. (Kind of hard for patrons to eat while wearing a mask.) The same for bars. A reasonable plan would be to allow a certain number of people per area and slowly raise the density of people allowed per gathering as long as infection rates remain low.

Step 5

The hardest hit is the last to reopen. Concerts and sporting events pack people in too tight for proper safety with a highly contagious virus on the loose. Yelling and cheering at a packed sporting event all but assures you will face a high risk of infection if an infected individual is present. Sporting events with empty stands is an option, but there is something about a full stadium that makes the event serious, real.

Travel will also be among the last to fully reopen. Packing a plane is not the best idea when a highly contagious virus is on the loose. Proper precautions could be taken to reduce risk. Disinfecting after each use and masks on public transportation would make sense. Testing, when available, would allow for a full opening of economic activity even if a vaccine is not yet ready.

 

These steps do not have to take place in a vacuum. Fully reopening the economy could happen in a few months with most business activity functioning at a high level within 30 days. Accurate, fast and low cost testing would also speed the reopening of the economy. A vaccine would be the best option, but the economy will still need time to reset as it opens after such a shock. Things will not pick up where they left off.

We have learned a lot about COVID-19 so far. Treatments are getting better and more equipment is available. That reduces the seriousness of the infection. Even without a vaccine there will be a growing number of people with a natural immunity. As we discover how effective an immunity infection provides, we can also focus on how many have been infected without serious symptoms. At some point we need to know how many people already are not at risk due to immunity. Reinfection issues will need to be addressed.

It is growing clearer each day we can reopen economic activity without undue risk to human health. There are measurable risks to locking people down to prevent the spread of disease. At some point it is a better choice to take precautions while letting the herd out in the pasture.

 

Velocity of Money

The velocity of money is the gorilla in the room nobody is talking about. Opening businesses is only the first step. My guess is there will be a surge in business activity as the wildlife gets a whiff of fresh air. Then the economic reality of the family budget will bear down. 

The stimulus money will certainly help, but that money helped people muddle through the abyss. Some jobs are not coming back. Some businesses will not survive the assault inflicted upon them. There is no amount of money that will put things back exactly as they were.

Will back rent need to be paid or will landlords suffer the loss? Will all employees be called back to work? What about businesses that close? If tenants are forced to pay a backlog of rent it will retard tenants’ spending on other goods and services. If the landlord swallows the loss the landlord will be forced to reduce spending. Either way money will not move as fast in the economy. The same applies to employees not called back to work as their employer closed permanently. 

The same applies to mortgage payments and other loans. Will payments be pushed to the back of the loan? Regardless, the family budget is worse off. Many questions still need answering for a smooth re-opening of economic activity.

And will jobs still pay the same with higher unemployment? 

 

 

Bars and restaurants might get an initial surge of business, but not all industries will enjoy such a bump. Travel and entertainment take time to set up. Planning a concert takes time. The day the switch is flipped is not the day people have airline tickets to get away. People will start closer to home before venturing further. Planning a vacation will not happen instantly.

And some industries are of the trickle-down type. For Boeing to sell more airplanes, airlines need to book more passengers. The money flows downhill and Boeing is not first in line for a check.

The above chart shows a damning detail about the American economy. From 1960 to 1990 the speed at which money exchanged hands in the economy was static. The accelerating economic growth of the 1990s bumped the velocity of money a bit higher before coming back down in the early 2000s.

But ever since the Great Recession the speed that money changes hands has been slowing. Part of the issue is the level of the money supply. The Federal Reserve has not been bashful about increasing the money supply over the last decade. If people don’t increase spending at the same pace the Fed increases the money supply we see the velocity of money come down. Each new dollar the Fed dumps into the economy has less effect than the one prior. This is a form of spin-down and it always comes to an end at some point.

That has been a problem for the last decade. More and more money gets pumped into the economy, but it has had a smaller and smaller effect. Money just does not move the way it used to, even when more is pumped into the system. 

The third major bear market in 20 years might drop the velocity of money even lower. A vibrant, healthy economy has a strong velocity of money as money is earned, spent, saved and invested. For a decade we have seen money pumped into the economy and mostly it arrived with a loud thump. Most of the past decade of economic gains is attributable to public spending on the national credit card. Without this so-called stimulus, we had no discernible economic gains. I will leave it to you, kind readers, to determine if this is a viable long-term solution.

The real challenge is not the reopening of businesses; it is the reinvigorating of the movement of money. If everyone has a million dollars, but they all sit on it — none of it moving — there is still no economic activity, at least as measured by Gross Domestic Product which tracks how much money has been put to work buying goods and services. If the velocity of money slows even more it could be a very anemic recovery, indeed! Or worse.

The economic expansion after the Great Recession was slow by historical standards. It is also a likely reason it lasted so long since the excesses of too rapid of growth were avoided.

But slow growth is like watching paint dry or suffering water torture if you need a job or are working to build a business. If money isn’t moving it means it isn’t going to wages or small businesses either. 

The challenge is starting a national dialog on reopening the economy as soon as safely possible and developing plans to avoid an incredibly slow recovery, even slower than the 2009-2019 expansion.

It seems during my entire adult life (from the early 1980s) each economic expansion has started slower and was harder to accelerate. Interest rates have dropped for 30 years until we are now at 0% yet again. If the Fed creates more money, only to see the velocity of money slow more, there will be little value gained by future Fed actions. 

Maybe a Keynesian style government infrastructure spending program might do the trick. However, China has tried to do this every time they want to spike growth and the benefits are not all they desired.

I guess the Fed could print money forever without consequences and give it away as a basic income. I also have a bridge I’d like to sell you if you believe there is such a free lunch without consequences. 

I certainly do not have all the answers. I think my plan for opening the economy is sound with some modest tweaks by the powers that be. The real problems start when the economy is back open and it isn’t what we remember when we last saw it.

And we better start tossing ideas around because I think time is running shorter than anyone wants to admit.

 

 

More Wealth Building Resources

Personal Capital is an incredible tool to manage all your investments in one place. You can watch your net worth grow as you reach toward financial independence and beyond. Did I mention Personal Capital is free?

Worthy Financial offers a flat 5% on their investment. You can read my review here. 

Medi-Share is a low cost way to manage health care costs. As health insurance premiums continue to sky rocket, there is an alternative preserving the wealth of families all over America. Here is my review of Medi-Share and additional resources to bring health care under control in your household.

QuickBooks is a daily part of life in my office. Managing a business requires accurate books without wasting time. QuickBooks is an excellent tool for managing your business, rental properties, side hustle and personal finances.

cost segregation study can reduce taxes $100,000 for income property owners. Here is my review of how cost segregation studies work and how to get one yourself.

 

The Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (CARES Act) is the attempt by Congress to reduce the economic dislocation caused by the current pandemic. Taxes play a key role in the Act, along with several economic stimulus policies. 

Normally a new tax law requires time to figure out all the details. The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) of 2017 is still looking for clarifications on several issues, some of which are addressed in the CARES Act. COVID-19 had pushed economic decline into overdrive. The American economy has never declined at such a pace. Businesses and individuals went from good economic conditions to millions unemployed and many businesses forced to close. A draconian stimulus package was required.

The CARES Act is $2.2 trillion of federal stimulus. With no time to iron out the details, rumors are flying. Normally reputable sources of information are struggling to get facts out. Misinformation is rampant. This post, along with the accompanying Facebook Live event, will outline the facts as they currently stand. The facts might change is some situations. I will correct those errors in this post periodically so you have a reliable resource.  There are many instances where the only answer is: I don’t know. Because nobody does, even the people in charge of the programs. 

I broke this post into sections covering several of the most important points of the CARES Act. While I might touch on issues in the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA), it is not the focus of this post. This post has many links to reputable sources. Use them, as they will contain additional updated information.

Discussion on the CV, market turmoil, fear and oil prices.

Posted by The Wealthy Accountant on Saturday, April 4, 2020

 

Stimulus Checks for Individuals

A refundable tax credit is provided by the Act of $1,200 for individuals ($2,400 for joint returns). There is an additional $500 rebate for each child under age 17. 

There is a lot of confusion around who gets the recovery rebate and how much. 

  • First, Social Security recipients also get the rebate. The Treasury Department and the IRS got this wrong when they stated these people must file a tax return to get the rebate. The Act made it clear this was not required and after much drama the Treasury Department changed its positions; a tax return is not required.
  • Second, the rebate is not taxable income.
  • Third, the IRS will direct deposit the rebate into your bank account if you used direct deposit on your last tax return or Social Security check. Everyone else will get a check in the mail.
  • Fourth, direct deposit payments will begin the week of April 13th and continue until all who qualify get their payment. Checks will be mailed starting in mid-May and continue until all are issued. The IRS will use information from your 2019 tax return to determine if you qualify for a rebate (see details below). If you did not file your 2019 tax return, the IRS will use your 2018 return. If you file neither year, the IRS will issue the rebate once you file your 2019 return anytime during 2020. If you do not need to file a 2018 or 2019 return you can file a 2020 tax return where the rebate will be issued then if you qualify.
  • Fifth, the rebate is on the 2020 tax return to be filed in the Spring of 2021. The rebate is a refundable credit (you get the rebate even if you have no tax liability). If the IRS screws up and overpays you, you don’t have to pay back the over-payment. If the IRS underpays you, you get the remaining amount with your 2020 tax return.
  • Sixth, there is an issue involving children that might be rectified in a future bill from Congress. Children 17 and older and in college or school are still usually claimed on the parent’s return. The parent gets nothing (children under 17 are an additional $500 to the parent, $0 for those 17 and older) even if the child is in school or college, but if the child files their own return — and not claimed on the parent’s return — the child would get $1,200. There are several problems here. Technically, there are no dependents on a tax return since the TCJA. However, similar rules are still followed for education credits and the Child Tax Credit (CTC). It isn’t as simple as removing a child from the parent’s return. The child has to disclose on their return they are a Dependent of Another when they file. If the parent is providing more than 50% of their support the child cannot claim themselves. It is vital to review all the support rules. If your child provides more than half of her support they can claim themselves and probably qualify for a rebate. 
  • Seventh, if you owe back taxes you will still receive the rebate. The only exception to receiving the rebate is if you owe back child support. Back child support is first paid before any rebate is sent to you.

The rebate is based upon your adjusted gross income (AGI). Single taxpayers get the full $1,200 rebate up to an AGI of $75,000 ($112,500 for head of household; $150,000 AGI for joint filers) The rebate is reduced by $50 for every $1,000 of AGI above the threshold (the CARES Act actually says a 5% reduction for AGI above the threshold) until it is reduced to zero at $99,000 for single taxpayers without children ($198,000 for joint returns without children). The complete phaseout of the rebate is higher if you have a qualified child as the rebate is reduced $50 per $1,000 over the threshold, meaning you can have a higher AGI with children and still get a small rebate

Planning tip! While caution must be advised when it comes to not claiming a child in college when the child does not provide more than half of their own support, there is an opportunity for high incomers to plan their rebate.

If your income is over the phaseout level for 2019 — but not 2018 — it might be advantageous to wait until you get your rebate before filing your 2019 tax return. if the opposite is true (2019 income is under the threshold and 2018 is above) you want to file your 2019 tax return as soon as possible. The IRS will issue your rebate anytime during 2020 once a tax return is filed if one (2018 or 2019) was not previously filed or additional rebate is allowed. If both 2018 and 2019 are over the threshold you have one more chance to get the rebate. If your 2020 income is below the limit the unpaid rebate you qualify for will be added to the 2020 return.

Remember, if the IRS sends too much you do not have to repay it. 

Here is a calculator to estimate how much you can expect in your rebate check.

 

Tax Return and Estimated Payment Due Dates

This section is not in the CARES Act.

The Treasury Department extended tax season for 2019 tax returns until July 15, 2020. That means 2019 tax returns are now due July 15, 2020. Any balance due is due at that time without additional penalty or interest. Estimated tax payments are also due July 15th. That means the April 15th and June 15th estimated payments can be made as one lump-sum by July 15th without interest or penalty. 

 

Charitable Contributions

Prior to the TCJA the maximum deduction allowed for cash charitable contributions for individuals was limited to 50% of AGI. The TCJA increased this to 60%. The CARES Act increases this limit again to 100% for tax years beginning after December 31, 2019. In all cases, the excess charitable contribution is carried forward up to 5 years.

Corporations (regular corporations, not S corporations) move from 10% to 25% of taxable income as the deductible limit for charitable contributions, with the remainder carried forward up to 5 years.

The CARES Act also allows up to a $300 cash charitable contribution deduction above-the-line (if you do not itemize) for individuals. The $300 above-the-line deduction excludes donor advised funds.

 

Student Loans

Federal student loan interest and principle are suspended for 6 months, from March 16 through September 30, 2020. Private loans no not count! There are several exceptions. All Stafford loans, PLUS loans for educational costs (instead of for tuition), consolidation loans under FFEL and Perkins loans.

Suspended payments will not hurt your credit. Interest will not accrue during this time either. Automatic payments are cancelled. To make a payment anyway, it will need to be done manually. Payments during the suspended period are applied to already accrued interest first and then principle. If financially able, making student loan payments on federal loans will pay down the loan faster as interest is not accruing for 6 months.

There is also a provision for employers to pay up to $5,250 annually of an employee’s student loans tax-free. This provision applies to payments made from March 28, 2020 to December 31, 2021. This cap includes other employer provided educational assistance. This might be a powerful tool to reward employees for 2020 and 2021.

Note: Some of the student loan material came from sources I trusted mostly. However, I was unable to verify all the material. I will update soon when I can verify this information with certainty..

 

Unemployment Benefits

For those impacted by COVID-19, funding has been provided for unemployment benefits, even if you exhausted state unemployment benefits or normally do not qualify for state benefits (self-employed, excluded members of a small business, etc.) These benefits run from January 27, 2020 to December 31, 2020.

There is also an additional $600 per week for up to 4 months, along with state benefits. Once state benefits expire, an additional 13 weeks of unemployment benefits are funded by the federal government.

All unemployment benefits are managed through your state’s unemployment office. My office has heard from clients some states are not up to speed on this yet. It may take persistence to get all the benefits you qualify for.

 

Required Minimum Distribution

The required minimum distribution (RMD) are waived for 2020.

 

Retirement Plan Distributions

Retirement plan distributions prior to age 59 1/2 face a 10% penalty in addition to the income taxes on the income. The CARES Act allows individuals to take a distribution of up to $100,000 from a qualified plan without the 10% penalty. The income tax on the distribution is still subject to income tax, but can be paid 1/3 each year starting in 2020. If the distribution is coronavirus related the distribution can be repaid to an eligible retirement plan within three years to avoid the income tax on the distribution as well.

Some states also have an early retirement plan distribution penalty (i.e. Wisconsin). The state penalty usually reflects the federal penalty. However, each state may treat this differently. Many problems can exists if the state of your residence does not follow federal law. For example: Your state may subject distributions to income tax in the current year. Later repayments to a qualified plan might be treated as an excess contribution on the state level. It is vital you discuss these issues with a competent tax professional before using this provision of the CARES Act. There are many considerations from a state tax standpoint beyond the federal CARES Act.

 

SBA Economic Injury Disaster Loan Grants

Small businesses have many tools from the CARES Act to deal with financial problems stemming from the coronavirus. My office was inundated with calls about the $10,000 grant provided to all businesses. Actually, this is technically a loan grant that is forgiven and is not added to income when it is forgiven.

Clients calling about this are right. Most small businesses will qualify (I think). The question is: How long will it take for money to arrive? Your guess is as good as mine. I think it is a good idea for all businesses to file an online application found here

Will everyone who applies get $10,000? Probably not. But many, even most, probably will.

The $10,000 is really “up to” $10,000 and treated as an advance. So don’t start spending before the check arrives. It could be weeks or months before funds arrive.

 

Delayed Payment of Employment Taxes

Employers can delay payment of the employer’s portion of the Social Security payroll tax. This does not apply to the Medicare portion of the payroll tax. 

As a recap: Employees have 6.2% withheld from their wages up to the cap for that particular year. The employer forwards this to the government, along with another 6.2% as the employer’s share of the payroll tax. It is the employer’s portion only that can enjoy a delayed payment. All of the employer’s Social Security portion of the payroll tax from March 12, 2020 to January 1, 2021 can be delayed. Half (50%) is due December 31, 2021 and the remainder by December 31, 2022. 

Self-employed individuals can take advantage of the same delay of payment for 6.2% of their self-employment tax. 

Note: If you receive any loan forgiveness under the CARES Act, including the Payroll Protection Loan Program, you are not allowed to delay tax payments under this provision.

 

Forgivable SBA Loans

Now we come to the elephant in the room. These so-called forgivable loans are shrouded in concerns. Just as the Treasury Department changed the rules on if Social Security recipients must file a tax return, the department changed the rules at least once on the terms of these loans to small businesses

These SBA loans are handled through your financial institution. As of Friday (April 3, 2020) some banks opened for applications. Here is a sample application. Many smaller banks are not ready to accept application. Bank of America in an email to my office outlined their procedures: notably, you must have a lending and deposit history with the bank. I have heard other large banks are easier to work with. 

Applications will start being accepted April 10th for independent contractors and the self-employed.

Payroll Protection Program Loans (PPP) have many details. Rather than make this post any longer, I will refer you to an excellent article in the National Law Review. We will use the National Law Review article in the Facebook Live. The video will be inserted into this post at the conclusion of the event. (See the video above.)

You should also review the SBA page on the topic. 

Here a few highlights to consider. These loan are not guaranteed forgiven! Too many people calling my office think this is guaranteed free money. It isn’t There are many rules to follow before they will forgive the loan.

  • First, employers can receive up to $10 million for 2.5 months of average payroll expense, including health benefits.
  • Second, this is in addition to the $10,000 advance Economic Disaster Injury Loan. 
  • Third, it only applies to businesses with 500 or fewer employees.
  • Fourth, the portion of the loan not forgiven must be repaid over a term no longer than 10 years at an interest rate of 4% or less.
  • Fifth, the amount forgiven is limited to payroll, mortgage interest, rent, and utilities paid or incurred over the 8 week period beginning with the loan origination date.
  • Sixth, if you lay off employees or reduce wages between February 15, 2020 and June 30, 2020, the amount of the loan forgiven is reduced proportionally. 

You are strongly urged to speak with your lending institution you intend to secure funding through for this program. You will need to provide additional information when you apply for the loan. This program is not as easy as the Economic Injury Disaster Loan Grants application. 

 

Additional Resources

In addition to the National Law Review article linked above, I strongly recommend the following resources:

CARES Act Summary by Foley (Pay special attention to the Employee Retention Credit not covered in this post.)

SBA Bridge Loans

SBA Paycheck Protection Program

SBA Disaster Loan Applications

Ward and Smith Review

Text of H.R. 748 known as the CARES Act (Caution: As a bill works through Congress many ideas are floated. Only the bill that became law counts. News reports frequently discuss items that “might” be in the final law. Again, read the final bill that became law for an understanding of the provisions.)

 

Stay safe, kind readers.

 


 

 

More Wealth Building Resources

Personal Capital is an incredible tool to manage all your investments in one place. You can watch your net worth grow as you reach toward financial independence and beyond. Did I mention Personal Capital is free?

Side Hustle Selling tradelines yields a high return compared to time invested, as much as $1,000 per hour. The tradeline company I use is Tradeline Supply Company. Let Darren know you are from The Wealthy Accountant. Call 888-844-8910, email Darren@TradelineSupply.com or read my review.

Medi-Share is a low cost way to manage health care costs. As health insurance premiums continue to sky rocket, there is an alternative preserving the wealth of families all over America. Here is my review of Medi-Share and additional resources to bring health care under control in your household.

QuickBooks is a daily part of life in my office. Managing a business requires accurate books without wasting time. QuickBooks is an excellent tool for managing your business, rental properties, side hustle and personal finances.

cost segregation study can reduce taxes $100,000 for income property owners. Here is my review of how cost segregation studies work and how to get one yourself.

Worthy Financial offers a flat 5% on their investment. You can read my review here. 

  • Following the 4% rule is not enough when accumulating wealth.
  • The recent market decline brought on by the pandemic requires around a third more index fund shares to be sold to maintain spending patterns if you are in retirement and are fully invested at all times.
  • How much money you should keep in cash depends on where you are in the wealth building cycle. How close you are to retirement, or if you are in retirement, determines the appropriate level of cash that should be held.
  • The 4% rule fails too often if not coupled with appropriate cash levels.

 

Rules of thumb are an easy way to quickly see where you stand financially. Once you reach 25X your spending in liquid net worth (the 4% rule presented as a multiple of spending) you are assumed to have enough to retire under the 4% rule, regardless your age.

However, as we are seeing with the current market turmoil, the simple rule of thumb has one fatal flaw. If you reached your 25X goal a few months ago and decided this was the time to step away from traditional labor, you now face a withdrawal rate from your index funds a third higher than expected. This will reduce the account value early in the distribution phase, lowering the total amount you can get from the investment over your lifetime.

Another rule of thumb is to keep 6 months of spending in cash in case you become unemployed. Under a normal job loss or economic decline this would be a reasonable policy to follow. Unemployment insurance can provide additional cushion to the 6-month cash reserve.

Black Swan events (unexpected negative economic events such as the housing crisis or pandemic) throw the whole rule of thumb out the window. Black Swan events do not happen often, but they do occur every decade or so. Looking back at U.S. history, it seems something always happens every decade to knock the markets lower and slow economic activity. The 2010s are the only decade to avoid that fate and 2020 seems to be making up for the oversight.

Black Swan events are impossible to plan for, but you can manage your investments with the understanding something unknown will shake the market’s confidence every so often.  You can prepare contingencies to deal with unexpected market breaks, or take your chances and hope you get lucky… this time.

 

Determining Your Proper Cash Level

One of the hottest topics of discussion in consulting sessions with clients involves how much liquid net worth be held in cash. Emails and even social media requests from followers press on how much cash is the right amount of cash to keep on hand as a percent of investable money.

The 4% rule doesn’t consider a cash position. It just assumes you take 4% every year from your portfolio to live. If the market declines, the 4% rule says you either need to cut back on spending or risk running out of money before death. Cutting spending enough isn’t always possible. And when markets are down many goods and services become cheaper so you should be stocking up at these times.  The 6-months cash rule also falls short in many cases. A down market can last for years and selling at a low to fund living expenses is a painful exercise.

Where you are on your journey to retirement determines the amount of cash you keep on hand. Many times readers of this blog, and those who follow me on social media, think I am timing the market when I carry a substantial cash position. But that isn’t true. I have no desire, nor skill, at timing the market and do not waste any time trying to do so. I do, however, increase my cash position when the sun is shining and decrease my cash position when it rains. This isn’t a timing issue. As I near retirement and have substantial financial resources, I have no desire to maximize my returns. I already made it. No room for heroes anymore.

You are probably at a different part of the wealth creation cycle. Maybe you are older and well into retirement, collecting a pension and Social Security. Or just starting out.

The advice I give clients is based on their specific facts and circumstances. I will give you the same advice here based on where you are on your journey to retirement, early or otherwise. I will finish with my advice to clients already in retirement. You can use these guidelines to prepare for your retirement. Knowing the appropriate way to invest at each stage of the wealth creation cycle is helpful; looking to the next step in advance can be very motivating, knowing you will have plenty of financial resources once you do retire.

Before we start I need to define some terminology. When I say cash I mean money market accounts, bank deposits and CDs. Everything else is invested, meaning broad-based index funds, most notably Vanguard’s S&P 500 Index Fund (VFINX or VOO for the ETF) or the Vanguard Total Stock Market Fund (VTSAX). 

 

Starting Out: When you start out you have the fewest resources. Time is your best friend, however. The sooner you get money invested the sooner it can start growing. And time invested determines your level of wealth. Cash reduces the level of wealth years down the road, but keeps an unexpected expense from turning into a disaster that sends you back to square one. It is a delicate balancing act between investments and cash.

The problem with too low a level of cash is twofold. First, any minor emergency (flat tire, furnace repair, medical bill) and your financial plan is in crisis. Second, job loss or disability can destroy all the work done to-date.

Starting out is the riskiest place financially. By default you will be closer to the red line; income and savings are generally lowest when you are young and starting out. Six months of spending in cash is probably impossible. And if your employer matches contributions to your retirement account you need to find a way to contribute at least to the matching level.

If you are at day 1 you want to take a page from Dave Ramsey’s book (and workbook). His Baby Step #1 is to get $1,000 into a bank account for emergencies. It’s a good plan I agree with. If you have an employer retirement plan with matching, try to invest at least to the matching level as well. A good way to start is by adding $50 every paycheck or per month to your emergency fund until it reaches $1,000. When an unexpected bill shows up you have the funds to deal with the issue. Then start adding $50 or so each pay period to restore the emergency fund to at least $1,000.

The balancing act would be reasonable if all you had to worry about is building a reserve while you are earning starting wages. Add to that the expenses of starting out (furniture, transportation, home furnishings), a mortgage or rent and it can quickly become overwhelming. 

There is one advantage you have when starting out; you are young. With youth comes resilience. Starting a family, paying down a mortgage, building a retirement fund while working many hours to achieve these goals takes the vigor of youth. It can also wear you down.

Regardless your level of energy, financial problems can wear you out. That is why even a modest emergency fund, Dave Ramsey style, can be such a powerful tool to keep you on track. The real risk is job loss, medical issues and disability before you build your finances to a level where you can withstand larger financial assaults.

That leads us to the next level.

 

Building Wealth: You will spend more time at this level than the starting out phase. A $1,000 emergency fund really isn’t enough, especially as you grow older and medical bills have a greater chance of messing up your plans. Job loss is a strong possibility at least once in your working career. The 6-months of living expenses rule now comes into play. The truth is, 6 months still isn’t adequate. An extended economic decline can put you into a bad position where you are tempted to add more debt or tap into a retirement fund to pay for day-to-day expenses.

In the wealth building phase you want to secure your finances to withstand as much as possible. Many people don’t keep an official emergency fund once they build a modest net worth. (This accountant never had any funds earmarked for unexpected expenses.) However, that doesn’t mean you don’t have a tidy stash of money tucked away to get you through an income drought.

These are the priorities in the wealth building phase:

  • Pay down and eliminate debt
  • Build a cash reserve for surprise expenses and to tide you through a reduction in income
  • Grow your retirement savings
  • Invest outside your retirement account (non-qualified accounts)

There is no fast way to accomplish these goals, but there is an easy way. Consistency wins the race. Paying a bit extra each mortgage payment will eliminate the mortgage years early; every paycheck should add to your retirement fund in good or bad stock markets automatically; merge your emergency fund into your other non-qualified investments and make investments automatic.

I use Vanguard. You can use Vanguard or any similar investment house. Retirement and non-qualified investments will grow as the years peal away. The tax advantages of retirement plans are the best deal in America for the middle class. Adding to your retirement funds with each paycheck is about the easiest and most painless way to dollar-cost-average there is.

Once you fill your retirement account it is time to build some non-retirement funds. Non-qualified investments can be an appropriate surrogate for an emergency fund. A modest $1,000 worked when you were starting out. As you build your wealth $1,000 is inadequate; you are no longer interested in borrowing money to buy a car or anything else for that matter. You need larger sums of liquid money to replace a car or repair a roof. Investing in a broad-based index fund is the perfect way to grow your non-qualified monies. 

This is where common sense comes in. As you grow your non-qualified account some money will be held in a money-market fund or bank deposit. When a planned, budgeted or surprise bill shows up you will have the resources to pay the expense immediately. To reach this financial position you need to add consistently, just like with your retirement account. You can make the investment automatic in your non-qualified account, the same as with your retirement account. Set up automatic investing with monthly contributions. Part of each payment should go into the index fund and some into the cash portion of the account. When the stock market is acting like the world is about to end again, put most of the new money into the index fund. If you are uncomfortable with the high level of the stock market, put most (not all) of the new money into the cash account. It isn’t a crime to have a lot of cash! Sleeping well is better.

If the economy sours you can always move cash into the index fund. Once you determine your income is not at risk and will remain steady or climb, you can lower the cash position. This is more art than science. There is no exact level of cash you must have. Rather, if you feel uncomfortable, there is nothing wrong with sitting on the sidelines. In fact, the more wealth you have the less likely you want to be 100% in equities all the time. Cash is always nice because it gives you the opportunity to invest when the right investment comes along. It is hard to buy a cheap income property if you can swing the purchase. And cash is always available for spending needs without worry about selling in a bear market.

My point is that you decide what is best for you. Almost everyone should have at least some portion of their portfolio in equities in the wealth building phase. The first goal should be to increase your liquid funds to around 6 months of expenses. This should provide an adequate cushion if things go south. Then get serious about growing investment accounts.

The greater your wealth the better able you are to weather a storm. As your non-qualified account grows, the 6 months of living expenses in cash are supplemented by dividends if the need become great enough. Dividends and capital gains should be reinvested into your index funds. However, rather than selling an investment when the market is down, consider diverting dividends and capital gains distributions into your cash account when the cash account begins to deplete. This will provide added cushion while you decide the best financial move if a recession hits the family income stream.

 

Nearing, Entering and in Retirement: The last phase of your financial life is when you approach, enter and are in retirement. The following advice works regardless the age you retire. Early retirement still requires a proper financial plan. My clients pay me a lot of money to tell them what you are about to read.

The 6-month rule is nowhere near acceptable once you enter retirement. Side hustle income, pension and Social Security keep cash flowing into the budget, but your maximum earning years are now part of history. And besides, even if you can go back to work, is that really the goal here? The goal now is to structure your finances to keep your financial life simple with as low a level of risk as possible.

There might be times when you still add to investments once you enter retirement. We will assume retirement is a consumption of wealth phase. This doesn’t mean your accounts lose value! Your level of consumption can, and ideally should, be lower than the rate of the investment growth. 

Outside cash, investments will fluctuate in value. Only the fluctuating investments provide a potential acceptable return. Cash provides a low, or even no, return and is earmarked for expenditures in the relatively near future. Selling index funds at or near market highs and consuming cash when index funds are not at a high is an easier strategy than you might think. 

Market timing is a sucker’s game. Dollar-cost-averaging when you were growing your wealth was not a market-timing call. The opposite behavior when consuming your wealth is also not market timing.

The stock market is always climbing with short down periods lasting from a few months, to a few years, to rarely a decade or longer. Selling at a market high does not mean the market will not be higher in the future. What I am saying is that selling at or near a current market high is easy to do. Look at the index level. Is it at or near a high? Then it is an appropriate time to sell if it meets the criteria discussed below.

Your cash position in retirement needs to be at least two years of spending! Preferably 3-4 years of spending. With 4 years of spending in your cash account you have plenty of money available to live without consideration for the economy or stock market levels. If the market declines, use the cash account to fund spending. If the market is at or near a high you can sell enough to cover your needs on a monthly or some other schedule. You can rebuild the cash position when the market returns to new highs if the cash account becomes depleted.

When the stock market has one of those wonderful moments where it predicts yet another zombie apocalypse, you have several options. Rather than reinvesting dividends and capital gains distributions, you can divert those to your cash account instead. This effectively stretches your cash account to cover more than 4 years of market decline. Only as a last resort would you be forced to sell below a market high and/or cut back on spending.

The stock market rarely goes down and stays down for more than 4 years. Anything is possible. With dividends mixed in, your cash position can extend to 6-7 years or more, depending on the amount of your investments in index funds. Virtually all situations become background noise then as you enjoy your retirement.

 

As you can see, a simple rule that works for everyone does not exist. When you are starting out it is unlikely you have the resources to have even 6 months of liquid cash available to cover a job loss or serious expense. The goal is to move from that risky early position to a more stable and secure level. Eventually you will reach that 6-months cushion. But then you need to keep pushing because your needs will change as you approach retirement. 

The more wealth you accumulate, the more comfortable you become with cash earning a meager return. Many people lose interest in remaining 100% invested all the time once they enter the 7-digit net worth arena. As the 7 figures keep climbing, cash looks better and better. Of course, virtually everyone should have some invested in an equity index fund at all ages. What I want to impress upon you is that in the early days of your wealth accumulation journey you will be nearly 100% invested all the time with a modest sum available for an emergency. As you approach and enter retirement it is not uncommon to have 20% of more of your investable funds in cash. Find your comfort level and enjoy the well-deserved retirement you worked so hard to attain.

 


 

 

More Wealth Building Resources

Personal Capital is an incredible tool to manage all your investments in one place. You can watch your net worth grow as you reach toward financial independence and beyond. Did I mention Personal Capital is free?

Side Hustle Selling tradelines yields a high return compared to time invested, as much as $1,000 per hour. The tradeline company I use is Tradeline Supply Company. Let Darren know you are from The Wealthy Accountant. Call 888-844-8910, email Darren@TradelineSupply.com or read my review.

Medi-Share is a low cost way to manage health care costs. As health insurance premiums continue to sky rocket, there is an alternative preserving the wealth of families all over America. Here is my review of Medi-Share and additional resources to bring health care under control in your household.

QuickBooks is a daily part of life in my office. Managing a business requires accurate books without wasting time. QuickBooks is an excellent tool for managing your business, rental properties, side hustle and personal finances.

cost segregation study can reduce taxes $100,000 for income property owners. Here is my review of how cost segregation studies work and how to get one yourself.

Worthy Financial offers a flat 5% on their investment. You can read my review here. 

Every crisis has its own flavor. The Cuban Missile Crisis was man made and did absolutely nothing unless a stupid decision was made where the end of the world happened. The Great Depression came on rather fast, the 2008-9 housing crisis was brought to a boil slowly until the pot boiled over. And now we have our first serious pandemic in 100 years. 

The rules have changes since the 1918-19 Spanish Flu. Today we know washing our hands with soap and water for 20 seconds and social distancing are powerful tools  to prevent the spread of the virus. Modern medicine is also far more advanced from the early 20th Century. Ventilators and drug therapies can help many survive long enough until their bodies can fight the virus on its own.

If only that was all it took to solve the problem. The stock market is down, reflecting the dim prospects for companies trying to turn a profit in a quickly declining economy. Decisions need to be made while you are under heavy duress. Should you sell an investment, or maybe buy? Is early retirement or collecting Social Security early a good move? How does your business survive if it has been deemed non-essential? The financial decisions you make today will have consequences for years to come.

You can make a difference.

These and similar questions have filled my days this past week. Here I am writing this on Tuesday and already helped this week a 64 year old man decide if he should take Social Security early. We weighed his situation, considered the likelihood he may earn over the income limit before he reaches full retirement age, put into perspective the cost if he does exceed the income limit and compare it to what his current needs are. He had to make the final decision; I just helped him see the full picture clearly. 

In less than one day my office helped a restaurant go from a breakfast joint shut down due to the virus to a restaurant delivering meals from early morning to late at night. By outlining his options he was able to go from down and out to vibrant business. It looks like his business will be bigger than it was before the pandemic on the delivery service alone!

These and other serious business and financial issues are superseding my normal work in the tax arena. Plus we have two new tax laws and a third on the way. People are confused and small business owners have plenty to worry about.

Today the governor of my state deemed my office essential. (Whew!) Tax returns have slowed from the pace expected this time of year if there were no pandemic and what comes in is all virtual. And people have until July 15th to get their return filed and any tax paid. Temporary employees have all been sent home, A skeleton crew remains to answer the phone, receive and send documents via mail and portal and prepare the returns, payroll and bookkeeping that does come in.

Rather than close the doors, I will do the most essential thing of all: help you, kind readers, make sense of the unknowns in our world today.

I have pulled back from consulting over the past year because it is a very grueling job, taking a large amount of energy. Doing too much only means I end up sick (breaking down from exhaustion versus an actual illness). That happened last tax season when I felt I could consult, prepare taxes, and keep a regular schedule of social media events informing people of the best tax strategies out there. (I went down like a sack of potatoes.)

Helping friends in need is what friends are for.

But things have changed. My work schedule has obviously declined. Therefore, I am opening the doors to more consulting sessions. If you contacted me before, please resubmit your request. We did get to some of the requests from earlier this year in the past few days, but tax clients took precedence.

Now that things have changed I will have available time to focus on dealing with the unique issues facing you. I will not tell you what to do, but I can build an understandable picture to help you make the best choices possible. If I can help you remove the emotions involved and focus on the facts of the situation, it should be financially rewarding with benefits that extend for years or even to the rest of your life. 

At the end of this post I will provide the link to my Contact Page. Read the rules for working with me and then outline your situation in your consulting request. If it is something I don’t think I can help with I will let you know and point you to someone who can help if I have someone in mind. If I feel I can add value my team will ask a few questions so I can adequately prepare for the consulting session. 

These sessions do not have to focus on taxes only. We can discuss retirement, buying or selling real estate or any other investment, personal struggles during this pandemic and more. I will always offer encouragement. It is so important you focus and think clearly as you make decisions during this crisis! I have helped clients for decades deal with the worst of crises. Nothing is off limits in consulting sessions while this pandemic is active. I will not give medical advice, of course, but I can help you make the best medical decision for you as you work thought your personal situation. We are in this together. We will take this rapid onset medical, investment and economic crisis head on. It will never be perfect, but we can make it better than it is now.

Finally, I struggled with how I should handle my fee for consulting. I decided to keep my normal fee so I can keep employees paid and moral high on the home front. All fees received that are not used to pay for salaries and other expenses related to consulting sessions will be donated to homeless shelters, abuse shelters and food banks in my local community. If funding permits, I will also donate to similar organizations supported in the past around the country. 

Here is the link to the Contact Page. I am eager to work with you. Let’s get started.

 

Required Reading 

 

 

More Wealth Building Resources

Personal Capital is an incredible tool to manage all your investments in one place. You can watch your net worth grow as you reach toward financial independence and beyond. Did I mention Personal Capital is free?

Side Hustle Selling tradelines yields a high return compared to time invested, as much as $1,000 per hour. The tradeline company I use is Tradeline Supply Company. Let Darren know you are from The Wealthy Accountant. Call 888-844-8910, email Darren@TradelineSupply.com or read my review.

Medi-Share is a low cost way to manage health care costs. As health insurance premiums continue to sky rocket, there is an alternative preserving the wealth of families all over America. Here is my review of Medi-Share and additional resources to bring health care under control in your household.

QuickBooks is a daily part of life in my office. Managing a business requires accurate books without wasting time. QuickBooks is an excellent tool for managing your business, rental properties, side hustle and personal finances.

cost segregation study can reduce taxes $100,000 for income property owners. Here is my review of how cost segregation studies work and how to get one yourself.

Worthy Financial offers a flat 5% on their investment. You can read my review here. 

Fear is the most powerful weapon in war. Hitler deployed buzz bombs against London in an attempt to destroy resolve and heighten fear during World War II. It nearly worked, if not for the even greater resolve of the British people and their leader, Winston Churchill. 

Fear is such a powerful weapon that nations will go to great lengths in war to manipulate the news reaching the people. During World War I, only Spain had a reliable free press reporting the deadly flu ravaging troops and populations. No army wanted the world to know they were taking heavy causalities from what would later be called the Spanish Flu. Yet every nation, on the battlefield and at home, were taking a hard hit from the disease. The U.S. was particularly hard hit. But when the absence of daily news on the deadly flu was only to be found in Spain, it was felt it the virus originating there. The truth was far from it.

Today we are facing a similar, though less deadly, threat, and the disinformation machine is in high gear. This time the media seems to want fear cranked to the highest level.

 

Washing your hands with soapy water for 20 seconds or longer is the most effective way to prevent the spread of the flu virus, even better than hand sanitizers.

 

Since I have no formal medical training I will leave the medical advice to those qualified to give it. What I can do, as an accountant, is reveal the truth behind the never-ending statistics and how they have been manipulated to scare us at the highest level. COVID-19 is a serious health issue without a doubt. It spreads easy and fast with a heightened risk of death. These simple facts make it easy to scare people into clearing their savings account to stock up on toilet paper and other essentials. 

The level of fear has filled my email box from clients and readers worried about the state of affairs and how it will affect their finances. I have worked hard on social media to provide a steady voice in the whirlwind of conflicting data. It is time I issued a formalized response here to the elevated levels of fear people are experiencing and the risks people face with their investments and personal finances.

Understand, this post is not about specific advice: buy this, sell that. Rather, my goal is to help you control your emotions and control your response to fear mongering and market unrest. That is where real wealth creation finds a home. Buying the right investment does no good if you panic sell before value has been realized. Buying high to sell at a panic low is the surest path to poverty. With new feeds bloated with coronavirus articles it is easy to start thinking the world is about to end. I will show you below, nothing is further from the truth. This has happened before and we know how it ends. (SPOILER ALERT: It will pass and most people will be unharmed. Even the economic damage will be less than expected and will return to normal in a matter of time. It will later be determined that fear caused more damage than COVID-19 did.)

 

A Short History of Pandemics

Human history is filled with pandemics. Until modern times, diseases ran their course with little effective intervention from doctors. Illnesses ran their course and eventually died out. 

The common cold, flu and similar illnesses are also common throughout history. The 1918-19 Spanish Flu was a particularly nasty one. As many as 50 million people died. 

Things were different in 1918-19. World War I was coming to an end. Governments involved in The War to End All Wars kept the flu numbers a secret so as not to encourage the enemy or demoralize their soldiers in the field and the folks back home. Only the free press in Spain reported on the people getting sick and the number dying. That is why some thought it started in Spain, hence the Spanish Flu designation. (It didn’t. It probably started in northern China in 1917.) 

Pandemics of the past, even those from less than 100 years ago, had less economic impact than today. Supply chains now span the globe. Never before have businesses been so integrated and international in scope. Pandemics of the past killed and sickened people; COVID-19 is also wrecking havoc on the world economy.

Until recently, a nasty flu season was the only way anyone knew something was afoot. Modern medicine gives us a jump start on what to expect. We knew COVID-19 was headed our way because China alerted the world to the pending virus. SARS, the Swine Flu and the H1N1 variety of flu in 2009 are modern examples of pandemic scares. Most of these viruses never circumnavigated the globe, dying somewhere along the way.

And we come back to the Spanish Flu. Somewhere between 20 – 50 million people died from that flu. It came in three waves with the second being the worst. Then it just disappeared. Nobody knows exactly what happened, but the flu virus probably mutated again to a less deadly form. Doctors didn’t discover a cure, social distancing wasn’t a thing and unless you were sick in a hospital it was unlikely you were even quarantined.

The Spanish Flu did have one nasty trait that put it into the history books. Normally the seasonal flu kills the old, very young and those with a compromised immune system. The Spanish Flu killed adults in their prime; the people who usually get sick for a week or so at worst during flu season, but almost always recover. 

And that is the first problem with the fear surrounding COVID-19: it generally kills older people, similar to the normal seasonal flu. The very young are spared with only a few healthy adults susceptible. Those over age 60 are at most risk.

 

Unfounded Fears?

COVID-19 is a nasty flu bug for sure. It spreads very easy and has managed to circle the globe rather quickly. It also makes people very sick that normally only get mildly sick from the flu. Older people face a very high risk of death if they contract COVID-19.

The fears are not unfounded, but are exaggerated. The response has been way overblown compared to the risk profile of the disease. Let’s place this into perspective:

As of this writing, 7,158 have died with COVID-19. Read that last sentence very closely as it will be important in a bit. Here are the current numbers

No one is advocating clearing the roads due to the risks of driving. Many still smoke tobacco and eat an unhealthy diet that increases the risk of cancer, heart disease and stroke. Yet, one of the smallest risks of dying to-date is causing a panic.

HIV/AIDS caused fear, but no panic. All the mortality risks listed above are a concern, but not at a level that should be disruptive. So what is causing COVID-19 to create such disruptive panic?

First, when the seasonal flu is with us every year and tens of thousand die from it we adjust to the risk as a normal part of life. COVID-19 is new, novel. Novel in this case means people do not have a natural immunity to the virus yet. 

Second, COVID-19 spreads fast and very easy. People have not had time to adjust.

Third, people who normally do not die from the flu are. Not like the Spanish Flu, but an elevated percentage of healthy middle age people are dying from COVID-19. 

All three combined has caused rampant fear. New, fast and potentially deadly to people who normally do not fear the flu has generated panic. Then people extrapolate the numbers to the entire world population and get dizzy. Except it is a massive misrepresentation of the facts.

 

Misleading Numbers

News reports and press releases from world health organizations are very careful how they word their press releases. Mortality rates are extrapolated by the public from the fancy representation of the numbers, but the extrapolations are far from truth. 

People dying with COVID-19 are reportedly as high as 3.84%. When people read this they think it is the mortality rate. It isn’t.

Not everyone is tested for the virus. Those most ill are more likely to be tested and all people who are reported to have died with COVOD-19 have been tested. (Otherwise how would they know they died with the virus?) This leads to a misrepresentation. If only sick, or potentially sick, people are tested, the number that die from the virus is pulled from a population likely to have contracted the disease. That is like using a test from people likely to have cancer as a representation of the entire population’s cancer mortality risk. The mortality rate for COVID-19 is likely under 1% and even lower for the population at large. Only time will give us an exact, or close to exact, number. Using the data available, COVID-19 is more deadly that the seasonal flu most years, but not anywhere near as deadly as the Spanish Flu.

Another misleading statistic comes from the wording in news reports and press releases from health organizations. They are careful to say someone has died “with” COVID-19 rather than “from” or “because of” COVID-19. This is a serious reporting issue.

Think of it this way. If someone is healthy and contracts COVID-19 they might have mild or no symptoms. But if they die in a car accident before the virus is cleared from their body they died “with” COVID-19. The virus had nothing to do with the death, but is recorded as a disease that the person had when they died. 

It is not uncommon for someone to have several contributing factors to their death. Rarely, if ever, do we medically say someone dies of old age. Instead, we list a variety of ailments that contribute to the final cause of death. Cancer and pneumonia  are common causes of death in people over 80. The flu is also a big contributor. Somehow we can’t bring ourselves to say they just got old and died. We need a reason. And that can lead to problems at times like these.

This counting of every death where COVID-19 is present misrepresents the full facts. The patient may have died from other causes at the same relative time anyway. This happens when people get old, and COVID-19 strikes hard at the old, as do many flu strains. This misrepresentation allows for an inflation of the COVID-19 numbers which heightens public fears.

 

Emotions in Check

People at risk need to take precautions. Because young people can carry COVID-19 without getting seriously ill, it is important to take steps to prevent the virus from infecting older family members inadvertently. That is the real risk with COVID-19; the unknown causing fear.

It is proper to take a break from all but necessary gatherings. The economy will take a short-term hit. It is scary, but not as bad as the media would have us believe. Social media blows it up even worse that the traditional press. Shame on us!

In the modern world this means supply chains will be disrupted. Business will slow and some industries will be very hard hit. The stock market is predicting a doomsday scenario.  It isn’t that bad! For those who are patient and control their emotions, now and in the near future is a good time to increase equity holdings. Keep adding to your retirement plan at work. Dollar cost averaging only works if you keep the regular investments going when the market is down, too.

I know it looks bad right now. Not everyone will contract COVID-19. Most who do will only experience mild illness. The older you are the more important it is to seek medical attention as your mortality risk increases rapidly with age. 

The way the numbers are playing out the number of deaths from COVID-19 will be somewhat higher than a normal flu season. However, the fear it induces will keep more people at home and off the road. It is possible the fewer number of people who die in road accidents as a result may be more than all the deaths attributable to COVID-19. 

That would make this the first flu strain to reduce the number of deaths by a greater number from other causes than those who die from the virus. Technically, a negative death rate. Again, technically, all factors combined, it could be the least deadly flu strain since the invention of the automobile.

It’s all a matter of perspective.

 


 

 

More Wealth Building Resources

Personal Capital is an incredible tool to manage all your investments in one place. You can watch your net worth grow as you reach toward financial independence and beyond. Did I mention Personal Capital is free?

Side Hustle Selling tradelines yields a high return compared to time invested, as much as $1,000 per hour. The tradeline company I use is Tradeline Supply Company. Let Darren know you are from The Wealthy Accountant. Call 888-844-8910, email Darren@TradelineSupply.com or read my review.

Medi-Share is a low cost way to manage health care costs. As health insurance premiums continue to sky rocket, there is an alternative preserving the wealth of families all over America. Here is my review of Medi-Share and additional resources to bring health care under control in your household.

QuickBooks is a daily part of life in my office. Managing a business requires accurate books without wasting time. QuickBooks is an excellent tool for managing your business, rental properties, side hustle and personal finances.

cost segregation study can reduce taxes $100,000 for income property owners. Here is my review of how cost segregation studies work and how to get one yourself.

Worthy Financial offers a flat 5% on their investment. You can read my review here. 

There is an adage on Wall Street many have repeated over the years and more so in the last month:

BUY THE DIP.

What so many forget is another Wall Street adage similar to the first:

BUYING THE DIP WORKS UNTIL IT DOESN’T.

I have warned this is not over yet so don’t get too excited about buying the first decline.

My opinion is unchanged. Unless something drastic changes, the events put in motion will play out until their logical end (the end all panics end in).

Most readers of my blog have never experienced a prolonged decline in many markets at once. It has been 12 long years since things were really ugly. This will be the first REAL test of the FI and FIRE communities. Unfortunately, most leaders in these communities have also never experienced a real market panic when they had meaningful money invested.

By now I hope I convinced all of you to never invest with borrowed money. If you followed this advice it will only be a time thing before normalcy returns. Before the clouds clear, however, the news feeds will be littered with end of the world predictions. Unemployment will rise, markets will fall, the economy will slow or even decline. This has all happened many times before.

My advice to you, kind readers, is turn off the news feeds. The coronavirus will be fine without you watching its every move. Oil prices are going to decline heavily. Enjoy even cheaper gasoline prices in the interim.

If you didn’t sell at the high (you didn’t) don’t try to out guess the market now. Stand pat. Let the world around you panic as it always does. You, my good friends, are smarter than that. You will not be moved by a decline in your investment account balance. That is only a temporary thing unless you lock in the loss.

I was beginning to believe the coronavirus was the black swan event that would finally trip up this long bull run. It seemed strange because the coronavirus is bad, but not that bad. The economic damage could be sharp, but short lived.

The oil price war between OPEC (mostly Saudi Arabia) and Russia is the real black swan event I was waiting for. This has a real risk of causing serious damage.

If oil prices stay where they have fallen to (I’m writing this Sunday night, March 8th, 2020 when oil prices dropped into the upper 20s and gasoline futures dropped over 20 cents a gallon), U.S. shale companies are in deep trouble with massive debt and no way to work out of the problem. 700,000 jobs are on the line and several million more in halo industries serving the U.S shale oil industry.

Not all these jobs will be lost. But if even a reasonable percentage are lost the decade long economic expansion will come to an end.

Remember, the end of one economic expansion only paves the way for the next leg up.

I don’t know where the next economic advance comes from, but there are some strong indications. In 2008-09 shale oil was the one bright spot in the economy as oil prices were high. Oil will be an economic drag this time around.

Where will the next massive spike in economic growth come from? I have several guesses. Elon Musk made EVs cool and reliable. I expect the next economic surge will include a massive transition from ICE vehicles to EVs.

Solar, wind and other alternative sources of energy have the promise of huge economic growth. Even larger economically is storage technology. Batteries and other storage technologies for solar and wind will be nice areas to watch in the decade ahead.

After all this time the final frontier might be the biggest source of economic growth going forward. Virgin Galactic, SpaceX and Blue Origin will compete for space travel dollars. Space holds the promise of opening an economic boom never witnessed before.

So when the news feeds tell you the world is coming to an end, don’t believe it. None of this is new. Old guys like me have seen this before. The history books go even further back with stories of boom and collapse. It is the nature of a capitalist system. You have to take risk to build a better tomorrow and sometimes that leads to some short-term pain.

Stay well, my friends. And vigilant. Fear will rule in the weeks and months ahead. Do not allow your emotions to rule your common sense.

 

Note: I originally wrote this for a Facebook post for my followers. I removed that post shortly thereafter and pasted it into this post. I felt it was too important to leave this as a social media post that will gallop into the distance rapidly. 

You can read more about past market panic in this book. 

 

 

More Wealth Building Resources

Personal Capital is an incredible tool to manage all your investments in one place. You can watch your net worth grow as you reach toward financial independence and beyond. Did I mention Personal Capital is free?

Side Hustle Selling tradelines yields a high return compared to time invested, as much as $1,000 per hour. The tradeline company I use is Tradeline Supply Company. Let Darren know you are from The Wealthy Accountant. Call 888-844-8910, email Darren@TradelineSupply.com or read my review.

Medi-Share is a low cost way to manage health care costs. As health insurance premiums continue to sky rocket, there is an alternative preserving the wealth of families all over America. Here is my review of Medi-Share and additional resources to bring health care under control in your household.

QuickBooks is a daily part of life in my office. Managing a business requires accurate books without wasting time. QuickBooks is an excellent tool for managing your business, rental properties, side hustle and personal finances.

cost segregation study can reduce taxes $100,000 for income property owners. Here is my review of how cost segregation studies work and how to get one yourself.

Worthy Financial offers a flat 5% on their investment. You can read my review here. 

All too often we install the security cameras after we are burglarized; start carrying pepper spray after an assault. Business owners, large and small, face heightened risks in our modern world and reactive security plans do not cut it. A proactive plan can prevent the breech before it ever happens.

Small business owners, income property owners and even people with a side hustle need to have a security plan. It’s not only a big business problem. Some businesses are required by law to have a security plan. For example, the IRS requires tax professionals to have a written security plan that is updated annually. Those selling securities or insurance, banks and other financial institutions have similar requirements. 

Whether your industry requires a security plan or not, you must have one. In this post we will start with a short discussion on security plans for tax professionals and accountants because that is the demographic this blog serves. I will then share where the detailed security plan nearly failed in my office and how we shored up our procedures to protect employees and clients. Then we will discuss implementing a security plan for your business, regardless the field you are in. I will point out the benefits of a security plan for even as innocent a side hustle as dog walking. If you never need to test your security plan in real life, all the better. But if fate comes knocking I want you, kind readers, to be prepared so risk is reduced. 

I’ll close this post with a side hustle opportunity.

 

Security Plan for Tax Professionals and Accountants

I will start with my industry because we are a prime target due to the information we handle daily. Too many tax offices are light on the security issues over cost concerns. Security isn’t always a heavy expense, though tax offices are finding security a rising expense. Avoidance is the most expensive choice. A security breech virtually guarantees the death of the small tax or accounting practice as trust is forever lost.

The IRS requires a minimal security plan for offices preparing taxes. As a professional I take exception with minimal effort in any area of my business. However, small tax practices, as well as those with a side hustle, should consider the IRS plan as a starting point for building a security plan.

Protection of data is the number one issue businesses need to address. Tax preparers handle large amounts of sensitive data; data security has to be a top priority. 

Protecting data is not just about a secure computer system. Training ALL employees on procedures for handling information requests is a must. Malcontents look for the weakest link in a firm to extract data or to access the corporate computer systems. Untrained employees are the weakest link. Once trained, you need to test your employees to determine additional areas needing more training. 

Information, regardless how minor, must NEVER be disseminated without a proper power-of-attorney on file! Remember, the POA doesn’t mean all data is available, only that which has been authorized. 

Measures should be taken so no one else in the office can overhear a personal conversation. A dedicated conference room with sound absorbing material on the walls is valuable if you have a room for such a purpose. Office doors should be closed when confidential conversations are in progress.

Data security is the real issue here. Safeguarding your data is vital. One data breech and your practice can be gone. The cost to recover for a small business is too large in many cases to survive the attack.

The IRS has guidelines in this matter. Your data security plan should:

  • Include the names of all program managers. This would include outside IT companies used to secure your data.
  • Identify risks to customer data.
  • Evaluate the risks and current safety measures.
  • Design a program to protect said data.
  • Once the plan is created it must be implemented and updated.

The data security plan in my office runs over 30 pages and covers every conceived risk to client data with redundancies built into the system. Protecting the client is the highest priority in my firm.

This blog makes my firm more visible so I take added measures. This can be a large burden for small tax firms and those just beginning. Drake Software (the commercial tax software I use in my office) has produced an excellent tool for building your required data security plan. The Drake template is a comprehensive plan useful for most firms. I will not show any details of my actual plan as it contains proprietary information and publishing the safeguards would give scammers too much information to attack my firm. 

The Drake Software Tax Office Security Plan can be had here without cost:

Drake Software Tax Office Security Plan and Sample (1)

The template is also an excellent tool for any small business or side hustle handling client information.

 

Personal Safety

Now I want to turn to another area that needs consideration: personal safety. In my office I have taken steps to protect my employees from personal harm should a client become aggressive or in the event of a robbery. Workplace violence is real and a common fare in the news feeds. Proactive is the only way to go.

As much thought and effort as I have put into safety and security measures, we still had an incident earlier this tax season we all can learn from and the reason for this post.

Let me first share the post I made in a Facebook private group for tax professionals before I share my solutions:

This is NOT a rant! Rather, this is how to handle a difficult situation safely and correctly.

A client from 20 years ago returned. He was a bit weird in his recordkeeping, wanting us to only scan what we needed and give his stuff back before he left and before we prepared the return. He also wanted us to put documents back in the envelopes they came in.

Not a normal client, for sure, but nothing that would cause too much strife. We can humor a client if they want documents back in envelopes and scan documents and return them prior to preparing the return.

He picked up his return last night and it was reviewed with him. However, he didn’t give us all the tax documents — he was too concerned with his filing system than with accuracy. He discovered the error last night after he left.

He is waiting at the office this morning. An employee who always comes in early to get the office organized before opening was confronted by this client. He tries to push his way into the office.

Let me be clear. This is a female employee with a man pushing in behind her where she would be caught in a small locked foyer area if he succeeded. (We have double doors, double locked for security.) The employee was scared out of her mind obviously.

She managed to keep the client out. She called the police and then called me.

We had some snow last night and I live 20 minutes away in good weather. The snow made the highways worse than the side roads so it was slow ride in.

The police came and made it clear he did something unacceptable. The client left before I arrived.

When I got to the office I heard the employee’s story and believed her story. The client forced his arm into the door so she couldn’t close it and tried to force his way in. If he would have succeeded it would have been tight quarters and even more frightening for the employee.

The client told the employee he was going to get her fired.

I called the client and got his story. His story was he did nothing wrong, of course. Well, until I reminded him I have many security cameras inside and outside the building and that I would review them later today. Then he changed his story, saying he might have tried to force his way in.

I told the client he is fired. I will not cash his check and will not file his return. He is no longer welcome at my establishment.

My employee absolutely did the right thing in calling the police first and me second.

The employee will NOT be fired or even reprimanded. She did everything by the book. No employee of mine should ever feel unsafe in my business. EVER!

It ended with one less client. But no one client is worth it: rude behavior, threats, mistreating employees, cheating on taxes. We are professional people. You should always feel safe at work and home. My office took time this morning to review with all employees the course of action if they ever feel unsafe. The client doesn’t always come first; my team does. Without my team I can’t serve clients.

 

To start, if this happened at a bank there would have been an arrest. But the police, like much of the public, don’t consider most businesses all that important so they act as if nothing bad has happened until it gets very serious.

Another point to make is that the client hounded my employee that he would get her fired. Threats and intimidation don’t work with me. That is instant ground for removal from my client list.

This isn’t a good policy for tax offices only either. Personal safety is “the” priority always! If you have a side hustle walking dogs you might not need a data security plan, but you do need a personal safety plan. Your plan needs to consider procedures if you or someone else is bitten by one of the dogs in your care, if a dog escapes or if you are attacked by another person while walking dogs. Your plan might include carrying pepper spray and a mapped out route for walking dogs where there are plenty of lights and people present. Safe places along the route should be identified in advance.

The incident in my office revealed one large flaw in my security plan. Employees came in the front door — the same door clients come in. If a client arrives early they can be to the front door before the employee. This is bad. Many early arrivals have no appointment and need to wait until the office is ready to open. Unfortunately, not all have this level of common sense.

I mentioned if this happened at a bank the client would have been arrested. Pushing into a bank behind an employee outside business hours would bring a heavy response from police. But the police didn’t take it as seriously because we did something very different from banks. Bank employees have a separate entrance where it is more difficult for a client to get to as fast as the front entrance. 

My office has side doors! After a review with employees, we set a policy that employees will now use a separate side entrance at all times. If this policy had been in place, my employee would never have had the problem outlined above.

 

When to Build Your Security Plan?

We can be proactive or reactive. My office’s detailed data plan is an example of good proactive planning. The side door policy for employees is an example of reactive planning. Proactive would have been better.

Tax offices are required by law to have a data security plan. It makes sense to include a personal safety plan for employees at the same time. 

Regardless your business or side hustle, or the size, you need a security and personal safety plan in place. If you handle data, you need a data security plan. Everyone needs a plan for handling the myriad scams and spam calls. Data security and personal safety plans are a must.

The Drake outline is a comprehensive plan for tax and accounting firms. It also is a good starting point for other businesses. 

But it is only a starting point! Your data security and personal safety plans must be reviewed and updated regularly to be effective. Even the best plans have no value if not implemented. And even the best implemented plans will have holes as I found out this tax season. This is not a “set it and forget it” activity.

Security plans must evolve. Society changes, risks change, new risks are discovered. Your security plan must be proactive with the ability to be reactive when a flaw is discovered. 

Businesses face greater challenges than ever before. Not long ago the greatest risk was burglary. Now, scam artists from anywhere on the planet, have an equal shot at harming your business. 

Protect your data, protect your clients and employees. Backups and layers of security measures are the brave new world we live in. We can navigate these waters, but it takes effort. 

And my clients, my employees, are worth the effort.

 

If interested in a side hustle idea, consider security planning for businesses. Here is some additional reading on the subject:

 

 

More Wealth Building Resources

Personal Capital is an incredible tool to manage all your investments in one place. You can watch your net worth grow as you reach toward financial independence and beyond. Did I mention Personal Capital is free?

Side Hustle Selling tradelines yields a high return compared to time invested, as much as $1,000 per hour. The tradeline company I use is Tradeline Supply Company. Let Darren know you are from The Wealthy Accountant. Call 888-844-8910, email Darren@TradelineSupply.com or read my review.

Medi-Share is a low cost way to manage health care costs. As health insurance premiums continue to sky rocket, there is an alternative preserving the wealth of families all over America. Here is my review of Medi-Share and additional resources to bring health care under control in your household.

QuickBooks is a daily part of life in my office. Managing a business requires accurate books without wasting time. QuickBooks is an excellent tool for managing your business, rental properties, side hustle and personal finances.

cost segregation study can reduce taxes $100,000 for income property owners. Here is my review of how cost segregation studies work and how to get one yourself.

Worthy Financial offers a flat 5% on their investment. You can read my review here.